Casson Conder Partnership, 1983
1-7 Cromwell Gardens, SW7 2SL
Part of an international family of Ismaili Centres, a religious, cultural and social space for the Shia Imami Ismaili Muslims. The serenity of the entrance fountain to the roof garden reflects Muslim traditions in architecture and design
14, 70, 74, 345, 414, C1
Near the Exhibition Road Museums Opposite the V&A
The Ismaili Centre, London, located in South Kensington, is a religious, cultural and social gathering space for the Shia Imami Ismaili Muslim community.
On event days, free guided tours are arranged for visitors upon arrival to the Ismaili Centre. Visitors are grouped in the entrance foyer, and then be led by tour guides for a tour of the building,
The Centre occupies an island site. To the north it is bounded by one of London’s busiest roads, Cromwell Road. To the west is Exhibition Road which runs from Hyde Park down to South Kensington Underground Station. A plaque commemorates the foundation laying ceremony, which was performed by the Late Lord Christopher Soames on September 6, 1979, in the presence of His Highness the Aga Khan. The building was opened on 25 April 1985 by the then Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher.
The building was designed by the Casson Conder Partnership and built by the British firm, Fairclough Ltd, using the highest standard of workmanship. A number of experts have contributed to its design including the late Professor Oleg Grabar – a specialist in Islamic Art at Harvard University at that time, and Professor William Porter – the former Dean of the School of Architecture at MIT. Some of the detailed interiors were designed by a German Muslim – the late Karl Schlamminger – who was a renowned sculptor and designer, who drew inspiration from various parts of the Muslim world.
The design brief given to the architects was quite an unusual one, for here was a requirement of a building which provides a skilful fusion of East and West – a symbolic ‘meeting place’ between the Ismaili Muslim Community and the wider society. First and foremost, this building is a religious, cultural and social centre for the Shia Ismailis Muslims, yet it is also a London building and a contemporary building. The architects were instructed to ensure the building did not tower the surrounding historical buildings of the V&A Museum and the Natural History Museum, London. In order to accommodate this, the building was chamfered from the two longitudinal sides predominantly.
A range of different materials from around the globe were used throughout the building including Pentelikon marble from Greece, teak wood from Burma, Bianco Sardo granite from Sardinia, Oak wood from North America and blue Bahia from Brazil. Geometric patterns and calligraphy, two types of non-figural decorations in Islamic art, are commonly used in The Ismaili Centre London. Additionally, water, light, and repetition of elements on the ceiling/arch (e.g. Muqarnas) are another decorative features of Islamic architecture that are applied in The Ismaili Centre.
At the top of the building sits the Roof Garden, described as one of London’s ‘best kept gems’ sits on independent structure, planned and built as a separate entity. From the rooftop, one can see the neighbouring domes of the Victoria & Albert Museum, the Brompton Oratory and the roof of the Natural History Museum towering above the Ismaili Centre.
Such is the significance of art, culture and the dissemination of knowledge within the Shia Ismaili community that an existing space within the Ismaili Centre has a high quality, multi-functional area, the “Zamana Space”. Being located in the heart of London’s Cultural Quarter this space will be dedicated to events and leisure with external organisations of the Exhibition Road Cultural Group, which represents 16 arts, culture and learning institutions in South Kensington, of which the Ismaili Centre is a member.
The Islamic design aspects showcased throughout the building including the entrance foyer fountain and calligraphy by the late Karl Schlamminger, a german Muslim specialising in the geometrical traditions and symbolic significance of Islamic design and pattern, also designed the finishes of the outer entrance hall and Prayer Hall. The architect designed the other interiors sometimes incorporating patterned ceilings also designed by Mr Schlamminger – notably the gently vaulted ceiling in the Council Chamber and Conference Room.
This last design delineated by recessed painted lines provided the starting point for a linking theme, devised by the architects, and used throughout the building. It comprises a related set of fibrous plaster sections, with both blue-painted and white-painted grooves, and is used to divide the walls into panel-work and create an "order" of interior architecture, grooving the plaster at the movement joints and at junctions to ceilings, and incorporating the door positions and air grilles. Mr Schlamminger also designed the chandelier and light fittings in the Social Hall and all the patterned carpets and curtains.
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